Optometry About

More than 75% of the vision/eye problems in humans are curable or even avoidable. Optometry is a fast-growing healthcare profession that is concerned with the eyes as well as vision & visual systems processing in humans. An optometrist measures vision prescribes lenses according to the requirements and fits lenses to improve vision. With the increasing usage of technology and visual media, the demand for optometrists is expected to increase manifold in the coming years, making it a lucrative career option.

Career Roles & Responsibilities
  1. Examine eyes, using observation, instruments, and pharmaceutical agents, to determine visual acuity and perception, focus, and coordination and to diagnose diseases and other abnormalities such as glaucoma or color blindness.
  2. Analyze test results and develop a treatment plan.
  3. Prescribe, supply, fit and adjust eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other vision aids.
  4. Prescribe medications to treat eye diseases if state laws permit.
  5. Educate and counsel patients on contact lens care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements, and safety factors.
  6. Consult with and refer patients to an ophthalmologist or other health care practitioner if additional medical treatment is determined necessary.
  7. Remove foreign bodies from the eye.
  8. Provide patients undergoing eye surgeries, such as cataracts and laser vision correction, with pre-and post-operative care.
  9. Prescribe therapeutic procedures to correct or conserve vision.
Career Education Path Summary

How to Become an Optometrist




After Graduation

After Post Graduation


Clear Class XII with Science Stream with Biology

Pursue B.Optom ( Bachelors in Optometry) for 4 years (3 years study + 1-year internship)

Pursue M.Optom for 2 years

Pursue O.D (Doctorate in Optometry) for 2 years


Clear Class XII with Science Stream with Biology

Pursue B.Sc. Optometry for 3 years

Pursue M.Sc. for 2 years

Pursue O.D (Doctorate in Optometry) for 2 years


Clear Class XII with Science Stream with Biology

Pursue Diploma in Ophthalmic Assistance / Ophthalmic Technology for 2 years

Pursue Post-Graduate Diploma for 2 years OR B.Optom for 2 years (direct admission in 3rd year)


Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of a minimum 60%.
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit (17 on 31st December of the year of admission).
  • English is also a requirement for enrolling in optometry education.

 Leading Institutes

Top Optometry Institutes in India





Multiple locations


Rajiv Gandhi Paramedical Institute

New Delhi


Elite School of Optometry (ESO)



Bausch & Lomb School of Optometry, L.V. Prasad Eye Institute



Jamia Hamdard University

New Delhi


Vidyasagar College of Optometry & Vision Science(West Bengal University of Technology)



Manipal College of Allied Health Sciences



School of Optometry, Gandhi Eye Hospital



Top Optometry Institutes in the World




UC Berkeley (School of Optometry)



David Geffen School of Medicine

Los Angeles


State University of New York (College of Optometry)



Perelman School of Medicine



Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine



Similar Careers
  • Examine the vision of the patients of all ages
  • Check for near/far sightedness, eye coordination, colour differentiation or diseases like glaucoma, cataract, diabetes, etc.
  • Prescribe spectacles, contact lenses or medication when required
  • Recommend tests for accurate treatment
  • Remain updated on the recent research and discoveries
  • Communicate with empathy and care
  • Manage case histories and accounts of the patients
  • Coordinate properly with the staff members
  • Perform duties in line with the ethical standards

The United Kingdom: optometrists in private practice can earn between £28,000 and £60,000 a year, or more. The United States of America: $115,827 per year. Australia: AU$81,842 per year

Career Pros Details
  • The working hours are generally for 8-9 hours and overtime is not required.
  • The work is not hectic and you are not required to write detailed reports.
  • You will work with the physicians in the hospitals.
Career Cons Details
  • The work is repetitive and after a few years one can feel bored.
  • The growth opportunities are not much


  • Ability to understand mathematical and scientific information
  • Accuracy and attention to detail
  • Ability to adapt to new techniques and instruments
  • Ability to maintain concentration for repetitive tasks
  • Strong communication skills
  • Ability to put anxious patients at ease
  • Ability to explain ideas and instructions to children
  • Good organisational and administration skills.
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