Physiotherapist About

Physiotherapy is a medical profession where a physiotherapist helps patients with physical problems caused by illness, injury, or aging. They work at different locations from a hospital ward to the pitch of a major sports team. Whatever your specialization is, your job is to rehabilitate ill and injured patients. Patients include children, the elderly, stroke patients, and people with sports injuries.

Career Roles & Responsibilities
  • Working with patients with a variety of conditions, sometimes over a period of weeks or months
  • Diagnosing, assessing, and treating problems
  • Encouraging exercise and movement
  • Advising patients on leading a healthy lifestyle
  • Keeping reports on patients and their progress
  • Liaising with other healthcare professionals to encourage a holistic approach to treatment
  • Staying up to date with developments in treatments
  • Being caring, compassionate, and patient.
Career Education Path Summary

How to Become a Physiotherapist




After Graduation

After Post Graduation


Clear Class XII with Science Stream with Biology

Pursue Bachelors in Physiotherapy for 4.5 years (4 years study + 6 months internship)

Pursue Masters in Physiotherapy for 2 years



Clear Class XII with Science Stream with Biology

Pursue Diploma in Physiotherapy for 3.5 years

Pursue Bachelors in Physiotherapy for 4.5 years (4 years study + 6 months internship)

Pursue Masters in Physiotherapy for 2 years


Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of a minimum 60%.
  • Must have passed class 12thor senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit (17 on 31st December of the year of admission).
  • Diploma Courses only make you eligible for assistance in physiotherapy. To practice physiotherapy, a Bachelor's Degree in Physiotherapy (BPT) is required.

 Leading Institutes

Top Physiotherapy Institutes in India




Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute for Physically Handicapped

New Delhi 

Medical College


Apollo College


Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences


Indian Institute of Health Education and Research


Amar Jyoti Charitable Trust

New Delhi 

Dr. D.Y.Patil College of Physiotherapy


School of physiotherapy, Orthopedic Centre, K E.M. Hospital


Annamalai University

Tamil Nadu 

Dept. of Physiotherapy, MS Ramiah Medical College


Top Physiotherapy Institutes in the World




The University of Queensland


The University of Melbourne


Auckland University of technology

New Zealand 

Loma Linda University


Mount Saint Mary's University

Los Angeles 

University of Southern California


Texas Women University


Similar Careers
  • Help in the physical movement of the patients suffering from physical disabilities
  • Understand the history of the ailment and its severity
  • Perform examinations on the patient to ensure the right treatment
  • Use a variety of treatments such as massage, exercise, heat therapy, cold therapy, etc.
  • Record the history of the treatment of the patient with periodic updates
  • Be empathetic, caring, and assertive with the patients
  • Advise the client and the family for maintaining the progress
  • Manage during emergent situations with basic safety measures
  • Remain up-to-date with the contemporary research on new techniques and technologies
Career Pros Details
  • Job Satisfaction: Tremendous personal satisfaction when you know your efforts have helped someone return to their normal life. Three out of four physical therapists say that they are "very satisfied" with their profession.
  • Highly Respected Professional: They are highly educated and trained experts in how the human body moves and functions. They are an essential part of the health care team that is caring for the patient.
  • Proficiency in a Variety of Techniques: They learn a variety of techniques, including ultrasound, electrotherapy, massage, etc.
Career Cons Details
  • Physically Demanding: It is a very demanding career, and it is important to maintain a great diet and get enough sleep to achieve well-being.
  • Burn Out: You can feel emotionally stressed to deal with injured patients all day, most of them who are in pain. Not all of them will be pleasant to work with. It can be frustrating when clients refuse to follow the plan established for them together.
  • Long working hours: In certain cases, you might be required to work for longer hours


1. Communication skills

Physiotherapists need to give clear instructions and form trusting relationships with patients to encourage them to work towards recovery. They may also need to explain complex medical issues in ways that patients can easily understand. They also have to communicate clearly with other healthcare workers, relatives, and carers.

2. Team working skills

You will need to work with other healthcare professionals (such as doctors, nurses, and occupational therapists) to develop treatment plans for patients.


3. Time management and organisation

It is important to keep to appointments and to effectively document each patient's targets and progress.


4. Problem-solving

You will need to use your knowledge to develop treatment plans and exercises to best improve patients' health.


5. Patience and encouragement

Physiotherapy is not about quick fixes. Treatment plans often take months - or even years- to complete. Physiotherapists need to encourage patients to be positive and patient and empathise with their frustrations.


6. Good fitness

Physiotherapy often involves physical work and you will need to lead by example by living a healthy lifestyle and keeping fit. 


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