Doctor About

Doctors are medical professionals who treat patients in hospitals. Physicians diagnose a patient, and prescribes medicines and treatment for the disease, while surgeons perform operations. Allopathic medicine is one of the largest and most extensive fields of study and research with many different specialities.

Career Roles & Responsibilities
  • Respond to patients’ medical problems by referring to their history, carrying out diagnosis, treatment, counselling and referral, where necessary.
  • Order lab tests and interprets the test results.
  • Maintain confidentiality and impartiality at all times.
  • Collect, record and maintain sensitive patient information such as examination results, medical history and reports.
  • Perform minor surgeries.
  • Explain procedures or prescribed treatments to patients.
  • Liaise with medical professionals in the community and hospitals.
  • Promote health education in conjunction with other health professionals.
  • Meet targets set by government for specified treatments eg. child immunization.
  • Discuss and evaluate new pharmaceutical products with pharmaceutical representatives.
  • Keep up-to-date with medical developments, treatment and medication.
  • Teach at hospitals and medical schools, and observe and assess the work of trainee doctors and medical students.
Career Education Path Summary

How do I get there?

  • Std XII
  • Stream: PCB/Biotech & English
  • Entrance Test: NEET-UG level
  • Graduation: MBBS
  • PG Entry & Course: NEET-PG OR CET-DNB OR MD/MS
  • Goal: Doctor

NEET-UG is an entrance exam for selecting students for MBBS and BDS courses. This is a National-level common entrance test conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). Applications :  
Eligibility: 12th examination, minimum of 50% (General category) and 40% (Reserved category) in aggregate of Physics, Chemistry Biology /Biotechnology from a recognized board.

Exam Pattern

  • NEET-UG is an objective type paper-pencil test.
  • From a total of 180 questions, there are 45 questions each from physics, chemistry, botany, and zoology.
  • The syllabus can be seen on 
  • The exam is a three-hour-long paper will negative marking, a deduction of  1/4 mark for every wrong answer.
  • The test is in English and states in their regional languages e.g. Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Gujarat, and West Bengal, have the paper in their respective regional languages.

Postgraduate Medical Course in broad specialties is of three years duration in the case of the degree course and two years in the case of Diploma courses after MBBS and in the case of super specialties, the duration is three years after MD/MS. There is a single eligibility cum entrance examination:-National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission to Postgraduate Medical Courses conducted by the Medical Council of India.

The National Board of Examinations is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It conducts Postgraduate and Post Doctoral examinations in medicine and allied sciences and awards Diplomate of National Board in the concerned discipline. Candidates are selected through the CET test of NBE. 

Prestigious Institutes in India Azad Medical College John's Medical College


Recruiting Companies

  • ApolloApollo


  • MaxMax


  • FortisFortis
  • Self employment
  • Government hospitals and clinics
  • Multi specialist hospitals and nursing homes
  • Central Health Scheme (CGHS)
  • Employees Insurance Scheme (EIS) Hospital or Primary Health Centers
  • Business organizations
  • Industries
  • Schools and embassies as consultants
  • Armed Forces
  • Railways
  • UPSC conducts a Combined Medical Services Exam for MBBS degree holders for selecting doctors for central government-run hospitals
Similar Careers

Job Profile:


  • Educate clients for prevention and control of disease
  • Diagnosis of different ailments and  disease
  • Prescribing medicines and treatment
  • Advise patients for follow up
  • Keep a record of diagnosis and treatment of each patient
  • Specialize in different medical specialties such as cardiology, rheumatology, etc. Training is for 3 years after the basic degree (MBBS). Super specialization requires further study.
  • Work in large hospitals to offer treatment in all branches covered under the medical specialties, in multi-specialty hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, or are in defense or government hospitals to provide similar medical cover.
  • May teach and examine junior doctors or carry out research.
  • Make referrals.


  • Examine patients
  • Order different diagnostic tests to help them in the diagnosis
  • Go through patient reports
  • Schedule surgery
  • Perform operations on all organs of the body as general surgeons
  • As specialist surgeons specialize in one of the many branches such as Orthopaedic, ENT, cardiothoracic, neurosurgeons, etc. They are trained to perform operations of the most complex nature with sophisticated surgical tools and equipment.
  • Follow up with patients after surgery and treat any complications if needed.
  • Work in large hospitals to offer treatment in all branches covered under the surgical specialties, in multi-specialty hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, or are in defense or government hospitals to provide similar medical cover.
  • May teach and examine junior doctors or carry out research.

Doctors also work in a number of non-clinical branches of study such as anatomy and physiology, biochemistry, microbiology which apply themselves to the study and research in various branches of medicine.

After completing the MBBS degree, every student wants to know how much they will earn. The salary of the MBBS degree holder depends upon how much knowledge & experience you have. The initial salary of a medical graduate doctor may be Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 35,000 per month. After getting the experience and good hands-on in this field, the candidate may get a handsome salary of 8 to 10 lakh per annum.

Career Pros Details


The main duty of a Doctor is to examine patients and treat them. Thanks to the nature of their work, Doctors are capable of helping people directly (through treatment).

Helping people this way (directly) is very gratifying!


Doctors are revered and treated with respect in society. It is not uncommon to see Doctors earn a special status and place in society.


This career also provides monetary benefits along with work satisfaction and special status in society. It is not uncommon to see Doctors earning a huge salary at work setups like – government hospitals, private hospitals, and own clinics.


Doctors have diverse job opportunities available in front of them. They may join work setups such as – government hospitals, private hospitals, clinics as well as NGOs. Self-employment is another opportunity available in front of them.


Using their knowledge, Doctors may work for the benefit of needy and backward areas/communities. They have the power and knowledge to uplift society.


Career Cons Details


Becoming a Doctor is not an easy task. MBBS is the minimum qualification required to practice medicine in India. MBBS course is 5.5 years long. After MBBS comes advanced courses like MD, MS, and super specialty courses.

Completing the above set of courses can take a long time (7-8 years).

Private Medical Colleges are very expensive. Government Medical Colleges don’t charge hefty fees. But thanks to fierce competition, it is very difficult to get into Government Medical Colleges.


In the above point, I mentioned that it usually takes 7-8 years to finish MBBS and MD/MS. Technically, a Doctor is a student for life! He/she has to keep herself up-to-date with the latest developments taking place in the healthcare sector.

Each passing day brings with it advanced medical technology. In short, one must continue education (learning) even after completing the academic program.


It is not uncommon to see Doctors working for long hours. Many Doctors go through extremely busy and hectic schedules. Marathon surgery sessions, midnight emergency calls, community work – such activities keep Doctors busy for long hours.


Patients’ life and safety rest in Doctors' hands! It is a huge responsibility. Eye for detail and concentration are things a Doctor should have. There is no room for error when it comes to this profession (depending upon the specialty/specialization).


Points 3 and 4 combine to create a lot of stress in Doctors’ lives. This often leads to burnout and tiredness. It is not uncommon to see Doctors having bad social and family life (due to their stressful work schedules).



  • Deep interest in being a helping professional
  • Constant updating of skills and knowledge
  • Ability to work with a team
  • Good stamina
  • A keen and quick observation
  • Commitment to the profession
  • The acumen for hard work
  • Patience and compassion
  • Technical skill and precision
  • Mental alertness at all times
  • Responsible attitude
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