Astronomy About

Astronomy is the science dealing with all the celestial bodies in the universe. It is the study of the movement, nature, and constitution of heavenly bodies. It is also the study of the laws which direct them, as also the effects, which they produce upon one another.

It seeks to crack the past history of heavenly bodies and their possible future development. Though the use of modern technology and new gadgets have made Astronomy a specialized branch of study, it is, in fact, a very old science.

With the development of science and technology, the man began to use sophisticated technological gadgets for the purpose. India has produced many best brains like Aryabhatta and Bhaskara in this field.

Astronomy is divided into several branches such as Astrophysics, Astrometeorology, Astrophysics, Astrobiology, Astrogeology, and Astrometry. These branches together help in the holistic study of the discipline and unravel the mysteries of the universe.

Career Roles & Responsibilities
  • Develop scientific theories and models that attempt to explain the properties of the natural world, such as the force of gravity or the formation of sub-atomic particles
  • Plan and conduct scientific experiments and studies to test theories and discover properties of matter and energy
  • Write proposals and apply for funding to conduct research
  • Do complex mathematical calculations to analyze physical and astronomical data, such as data that may indicate the existence of planets in distant solar systems or new properties of materials
  • Design new scientific equipment, such as telescopes and lasers
  • Develop computer software to analyze and model data
  • Write scientific papers that may be published in scholarly journals
  • Present research findings at scientific conferences and lectures
Career Education Path Summary

Top Indian Institutes

Institutes Courses City Website
IIT-B Graduation, Post-graduation Bombay
 The Indian Institute of Astrophysics Doctoral, Post-Doctoral Fellowship Kodaikanal, Bangalore 
The Department of Physics & Astrophysics, DU  Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi
Presidency College Graduation, Post-graduation Kolkata
Joint Astronomy Programme (JAP) Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi University,Delhi 
Cochin University Of Science And Technology Graduation, Post-graduation Kochi 
 Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi  Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi 
Banaras Hindu University, Graduation,Post-graduation,Doctoral Varanasi

After completion of a course in Astronomy, one can find placement as a Research Scientist with several research institutes and big Government organizations like the Indian Space Research Organization (DRDO).

Employment opportunities exist in organizations such as the TIFR (Government of India’s National Centre for Nuclear Science and Mathematics), the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Pune and Ooty, the IIS, Bangalore, the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune, Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad, UP State Observatory at Nainital, the Indian Institute of Astrophysics and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Bangalore, Astronomical Society of India, Udaipur Solar Observatory, and the CSIR. Some researchers also go on to work at leading observatories and institutes in the USA.

One can also join organizations like the Association of Bangalore Amateur Astronomers (ABAA) which involves itself in telescope making, organizing observation sessions for the public, and popularization of Astronomy.

As a beginner, one would be inducted as a fellow researcher into an existing team already working on an Astronomy project. The prospects of traveling to far distant shores are also open as international seminars and conventions are held regularly in different countries.

Similar Careers

While during the research work, one generally receives a monthly stipend of Rs.8, 000 as a Junior Researcher while Rs.9,000 is what one is expected to receive as a Senior Researcher. Moreover, one will be entitled to an annual book grant.

Hostel accommodation house rent allowance and medical and travel allowances are other benefits available to the researchers. One will also get support to participate in national and international seminars and conferences.

After one has completed the research work, employment opportunities with different institutions increase. Various government bodies and institutes also employ astronomers in different grades of scientists where they are offered high salaries with other perks and allowances too.

Career Pros Details
  • Working in a field that you are satisfied with and contributing to the advancement of humankind.

  • In the studying stage, you can apply for various scholarships and work your way to excel in your exams. 

  • During the job search, you can teach or research in physics, and if nothing else works out, you can still work for data analytics and sciences.

Career Cons Details
  • Lack of high-paying jobs. 

  • The second con that is uncommon is that during the doctorate level, it is difficult to get grants from universities to conduct research and experimentation.

Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei
Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaulti de Galilei[2] ([ɡaliˈlɛːo ɡaliˈlɛi]; 15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642) was an Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer, sometimes described as a polymath, from Pisa.[3] Galileo has been called the "father of observational astronomy",[4] the "father of modern physics",[5][6] the "father of the scientific method",[7] and the "father of modern science".[8] Galileo studied speed and velocity, gravity and free fall, the principle of relativity, inertia, projectile motion and also worked in applied science and technology, describing the properties of pendulums and "hydrostatic balances", inventing the thermoscope and various military compasses, and using the telescope for scientific observations of celestial objects. His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the observation of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, the observation of Saturn's rings, and the analysis of sunspots. Galileo's championing of heliocentrism and Copernicanism was controversial during his lifetime when most subscribed to geocentric models such as the Tychonic system.[9] He met with opposition from astronomers, who doubted heliocentrism because of the absence of an observed stellar parallax.[9] The matter was investigated by the Roman Inquisition in 1615, which concluded that heliocentrism was "foolish and absurd in philosophy, and formally heretical since it explicitly contradicts in many places the sense of Holy Scripture".

Skills Required To Become An Astronomer

  • Computing skills
  • Writing skills
  • Communication skills
  • Critical thinking ability
  • Logical thinking
  • Meticulous
  • Scientific interest
  • Mathematical skills
  • Ability to understand complications


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