Meteorology About

Meteorology is a sub-discipline of Atmospheric science that mainly focuses on weather processes and forecasting. The field includes both weather and climate and is concerned with the physical, dynamical (a force producing change or motion), and chemical state of the Earth's atmosphere and interactions between the atmosphere and the Earth's surface.

To make a career in meteorology, one needs sufficient interests and educational standard. There are many rewarding career opportunities for meteorologist (a specialist who studies various earthly processes in the atmosphere).

Career Roles & Responsibilities

Meteorologists are required for diverse jobs. The following are some of the job profiles that Meteorologists can take up after obtaining the necessary skills.

Industrial Meteorologist:The major responsibility of the industrial meteorologist is to study and solve problems associated with industrial pollution and emissions.

Physical Meteorologist: The major responsibility of the physical meteorologist is to study the physical nature of the atmosphere, its chemical composition and optical, acoustical and electrical properties. They also study environmental problems and figure out solutions for the same.

Research Meteorologist: These meteorologists study the patterns of climate and weather. They analyse and interpret the data relating to precipitation, humidity, wind, temperature etc. They also study phenomena such as the greenhouse effect.    

Professor or Lecturer: After qualifying UGC NET, the eligible candidates can up teaching jobs in Meteorology at colleges that offer a course in Meteorology.

Career Education Path Summary



PG-MSc in Meteorology (Science)



PG-MSc in Meteorology (Science)


Meteorologists find jobs mainly in government sector. However some private companies also recruit atmospheric scientists for environmental pollution control. A country’s Military operations such as troop movements, airplane flights, missile launches, and ship movements rely on accurate weather information. Hence, here the role of a meteorologist becomes crucial.

A meteorology degree or a degree in related marine science qualifies an individual to perform many weather-related jobs. There are good opportunities for overseas assignment to military bases and outposts throughout the world.

Space application centers also recruit meteorologists as the launching of satellite also depends on weather conditions. The Indian meteorological department has its branches all over India, hence meteorologists are absorbed there.

Similar Careers

Meteorology is a rare field of science; hence there are few people who opt for this course. However the career is challenging and rewarding. Salary of a meteorologist/scientist depends on his qualification and experience. The Indian Government offers handsome salary to qualified meteorologists/scientists. It varies between Rs 10, 000 – 25, 000.

Career Pros Details
  • Permanent jobs with fixed working hours and salary
  • Challenging career
Career Cons Details
  • Work pressure during natural calamities
  • Meteorologists must be careful while forecasting or predicting the climatic and weather conditions
Anna Mani
Anna Mani
Anna Mani (23 August 1918 – 16 August 2001) was an Indian physicist and meteorologist. She retired as the Deputy Director-General of the Indian Meteorological Department and further served as a visiting professor at the Raman Research Institute. She made several contributions to the field of meteorological instrumentation, conducted research and published numerous papers on solar radiation, ozone and wind energy measurements.
Jagadish Shukla
Jagadish Shukla
Shukla was born in 1944 in the village of Mirdha in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh, India. This village had no electricity, no roads or transportation, and no primary school building. Most of his primary school education was received under a large banyan tree. He passed from the S.R.S. High School, Sheopur, in the first class with distinction in Mathematics and Sanskrit. He studied science, firstly outside school, then at S.C. College, Ballia. At Banaras Hindu University, he passed BSc (honors) at the age of 18 with Physics, Mathematics, and Geology (first-class) followed after a brief interval from studies by an MSc in Geophysics in 1964 and PhD in Geophysics in 1971 as an external student of BHU. He subsequently gained an ScD in Meteorology from MIT in 1976.
  • Must have sound knowledge in Maths and statistics in order to successfully execute his/ her job.
  • Must possess Excellent work ethic.
  • A meteorologist must always be alert and quick enough to prepare the reports in times of emergencies.
  • Must be technology savvy.
  • He/ she should be an analytical thinker.
  • He / she should possess natural intelligence.
  • A meteorologist would benefit by having an inner interest in earth and its weather components.
  • Must be able to undertake methodical and precise work.
  • He/ she should be interpretive and analytical skills are a must.
  • Should be able to examine and analyse complex data.
  • Should have an inquiring mind.
  • Must be able to organize and conduct research.
  • Should have a flair for Physics.
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