Archaeology About

Archaeology is the scientific and orderly study of human cultures through the recovery, analysis, and documentation of material remains and environmental data, like artifacts, seals, inscriptions, monuments, edifices, landscapes, and bio-facts. Most of the archaeologists in India work in the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in its exploration, excavation, epigraphy, pre-history, and museum branches (for these jobs, the ASI diploma is a must) for the conservation and maintenance of the 3,600 centrally protected sites and monuments, chemical preservation of antiquarian remains and the organization and maintenance of site museum, and publications among other things.

Career Roles & Responsibilities
  • Using a variety of methods to locate suitable excavation sites, including geophysical surveys and aerial photography
  • Examining, documenting, and preserving artifacts
  • Using computer applications such as computer-aided design (CAD) and geographical information systems (GIS) to record and interpret sites and findings, and to produce simulations of how they might have looked in the past
  • Producing, compiling, and maintaining written, photographic, and drawn records and electronic databases
  • Supervising and guiding staff
  • Collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data
  • Writing reports, papers, and other articles for publication
  • Dating and interpreting finds
  • Mathematical, statistical and computational modeling
  • Assessing planning applications for building developers
Career Education Path Summary

How to Become an Archaeologist




After Graduation

After Post Graduation


Clear Class XII with any stream

Pursue B.A. / B.Sc. in any field or Archaeology for 3 years

Pursue M.A Archaeology/ Ancient Indian History and Archaeology/ Museology/ Conservation, Preservation and Heritage Management for 2 years

M.Phil in History/ Archaeology for 2 years or/and Ph.D. for 3-4 years


Clear Class XII with any stream

Pursue B.A. / B.Sc. in any field or Archaeology for 3 years

Pursue Post-Graduate Diploma in Archaeology and Museology for 1-2 years


Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in Class XII.
  • BA. Archeology, M.A. Archaeology, and a postgraduate diploma in Archeology is available as a course only in selected colleges.
  • No mandatory subject in Class XII.
  • Most of the institutes for post-graduation require bachelors in History and related subjects.
  • For Lectureship in Archaeology, National Educational Test (NET) or Ph.D. is mandatory.
  • Most Colleges/Institutes provide admission on the basis of Class 12th Percentage. Some institutes also conduct interviews.

 Leading Institutes

Top Archaeology Institutes in India




Institute of Archaeology


Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology (Banaras Hindu University)


The Delhi Institute of Heritage Research and Management (Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University)

New Delhi 

School of Archival Studies (National Archives of India)

New Delhi 

Department of History and Archaeology (Karnatak University)


Faculty of Arts (Maharaj Sayajirao University of Baroda)


School of Historical Studies (University of Madras)


St. Xavier's College (Mumbai University)


Union Christian College (Mahatma Gandhi University)

Aluva, Kerala 

Centre For Extra Mural Studies, University of Mumbai


Department of Ancient History, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University

Uttar Pradesh 

Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, Utkal University


IGNOU, Department of Archeology

Delhi Copy

Department of Ancient Indian History Culture & Archaeology, Kurukshetra University


Department of Archaeology, University of Calcutta

West Bengal 

Department of History, Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University


Faculty of Manuscriptology, Tamil University Thanjavur

Tamil Nadu 

Faculty of Arts, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda


Top Archaeology Institutes in the World




University of Cambridge

United Kingdom 

University of Oxford

United Kingdom

University College London

United Kingdom

Harvard University

United States 

Durham University

United Kingdom

University of California, Berkeley

United States 

Australian National University


Stanford University

United States 

University of Michigan

United States 

Leidan University


University of Toronto


Career Opportunities in Archaeology

Similar Careers
  • Examine sites using a variety of methods, including field walking, geophysical surveys and aerial photography
  • Work on field excavations or digs, usually as part of a team, using a range of digging equipment
  • Project manage an excavation, including managing teams of diggers
  • Record sites using drawings, detailed notes and photography
  • Analyze findings by grouping, identifying and classifying them
  • Use computer applications, such as computer-aided design (CAD) and geographical information systems (GIS) to record and interpret finds, sites and landscapes
  • Carry out research and desk-based assessments of sites
  • Provide advice on the conservation or records of archaeological remains
  • Ensure that important buildings, monuments and sites are protected and preserved
  • Generate publicity materials and publish articles about research, site interpretations or excavations
Career Pros Details
  • Multiple opportunities to travel to different places
  • Opportunity to contribute to Culture and History
  • Increasing demand for archaeologists
Career Cons Details
  • Tedious work and long working hours
  • Requires a lot of patience and need to stay away from home for long periods
  • Limited Institutions in India offer jobs
  • Enthusiasm & zeal to know about the developments in archaeology
  • Well-organized approach, with effective attention to depth detail
  • Strong teamwork skills, particularly at the time of fieldwork
  • Self-motivation and focus
  • Extra communication skills and the ability to effectively work with other professionals
  • Master in using various tools and instruments
  • Patience and dedication
  • Having good IT skills
  • An analytical and peaceful mind, with a keen interest in the archaeology
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