Psychology About

The science of psychology plays the role of benefitting society along with enhancing our lives. Psychologists examine the relationships between brain function and behaviour, and the environment and behaviour, applying what they learn to illuminate our understanding as well as enhance the world around us. As a psychologist you could contribute to a wide range of work including helping businesses, helping people improve their lives, promoting health, protecting the planet, serving communities, understanding the world around us and also working in schools.

Career Roles & Responsibilities

This job generally requires the ability to do the following work:

  • Clinical and Counseling Psychologists
    • Provide assessment and recommendations for appropriate treatments
    • Diagnose and treat various mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders
    • Review relevant literature, synthesize evidence-based materials, and translate complex behavioral health concepts
    • Conduct case management and other administrative tasks as needed
    • Provide referral services to outside therapists, clinics, and treatment facilities
    • Participate in off-hours call rotation
  • School Psychologists
    • Assess, score assessments, and attend eligible/individualized education program (IEP) meetings
    • Plan and provide clear and intentional-focused instruction based on individual student IEP goals using state standards, subject matter content, and district curriculum
    • Consult with staff and parents, making recommendations for developmentally appropriate services and strategies to assist in improving student achievement
    • Act as a liaison with community agencies that provide services to children
    • Provide behavior consultation for students by designing and implementing measurable behavior interventions
    • Provide psychological services as related service per student's IEP
  • Industrial-Organizational Psychologists
    • Establish effective client relationships to provide optimal client solutions
    • Manage the development of innovative human capital research projects
    • Identify opportunities for efficiencies in the work process and innovative approaches to completing the scope of work

Clinical and counseling psychologists interview patients; perform diagnostic tests; and give individual, family, and group psychotherapy. They help people understand and manage their problems by identifying their strengths and available helpful resources.

School psychologists counsel students who have education or developmental disorders through testing and assessing the student, and counseling the student and their family. the psychologist generally evaluates a student's performance and then designs a performance plan to assist the student in learning and advancing in the classroom.

Industrial-organizational psychologists apply psychological principles and research methods to improve the quality of work-life, including work productivity, management, and employee morale.

Career Education Path Summary

How to Pursue a Career in Psychology




After Graduation

After Post Graduation


Clear Class XII in any Stream With Psychology as a Subject

Pursue B. A.(H) Psychology/Applied Psychology for 3 years

Pursue Masters in Psychology for 1-2 years in India or Abroad



Clear Class XII in any Stream

Pursue B. A.(H) Psychology/Applied Psychology for 3 years

Pursue Masters in Psychology/Applied Psychology for 1-2 years in India or Abroad

Pursue M.Phil in Psychology/Clinical Psychology for 2 years or/and Ph.D. in Psychology/Applied Psychology for 3-4 years

Important Facts

  • No mandatory subject in Class XII.
  • Most of the institutes for post-graduation require bachelors in any field or Psychology/Applied Psychology or/and related subjects.
  • For Lectureship in Psychology/Applied Psychology, National Educational Test (NET) or Ph.D. is mandatory.
  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of a minimum of 60% aggregate marks in Class XII.
  • Most Colleges/Institutes provide admission based on Class 12th percentage/merit. Some institutes also conduct interviews.
  • There are various other colleges in Delhi University that offer this course. 

Career Opportunities in Psychology

Similar Careers
  • Design and implement behaviour modification programmes
  • Identify psychological, emotional, or behavioural issues and diagnose disorders, using information obtained from interviews, tests, records, and reference materials
  • Counsel individuals, groups, or families to help them understand problems, deal with crisis situations, define goals, and develop realistic action plans
  • Develop therapeutic and treatment plans based on clients' interests, abilities, and needs
  • Provide educational programmes on topics such as classroom management, teaching strategies, or parenting skills
  • Conduct research studies of physical work environments, organizational structures, communication systems and group interactions to assess organizational functioning
  • Formulate interview techniques, rating scales, and psychological tests used to assess skills, abilities, and interests
Career Pros Details
  • Upcoming field in terms of present and future demand
  • Work involves social interaction and is not routine
  • Involves mostly helping people
Career Cons Details
  • Can be stressful at times
  • Takes time to get settled, requires much study
  • Initial salary is not very high


  • Interpersonal skills: Because this career is about studying and helping individuals, you will need to have strong interpersonal skills, meaning that you will need to relate well to people.
  • Communication skills: Professionals whose work involves talking and listening to clients must have excellent verbal communication and active listening skills.
  • Patience: Treatment takes a lot of time. Therefore, you will need a lot of patience to see treatment through to its conclusion.
  • Trustworthiness: A psychologist must be trustworthy, as they are expected to keep patient information confidential.
  • Empathy: You must have the ability to understand and identify with another person's experiences to help them understand the cause of their feelings.
  • Critical thinking skills: A psychologist must have strong critical thinking skills to determine an accurate diagnosis and develop a proper treatment plan. 


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